Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam | Importance | Features | Implementation | Benefits | Challenges

The Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam, also known as the Women’s Reservation Bill, was recently approved by the Lok Sabha on September 19, 2023.

This significant law sets aside 33% of the seats in the Lok Sabha and state legislative assemblies specifically for women.

Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam
Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam

It’s a remarkable move towards ensuring that women have a fair share in India’s political decision-making, bringing us closer to gender equality in politics.

Importance Of Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam

Their are 3 main benefits of Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam as of now –

Enhancing Women’s Presence in Politics:

The proposed legislation is poised to make a substantial impact on the landscape of women’s participation in politics.

Presently, a mere 14.4% of Lok Sabha members and 12.3% of state assembly members are women.

The Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam aims to bolster female representation in these legislative bodies by a remarkable one-third, promising a transformative influence on policy formulation and decision-making.

Fostering Gender Parity:

The forthcoming bill is also expected to foster a more equitable gender balance in India. By elevating the number of women engaged in the political sphere.

It will effectively challenge deeply ingrained gender norms and preconceptions regarding women’s societal roles.

Moreover, it will serve as a resounding declaration to Indian society, affirming the competence and entitlement of women to leadership roles.

Empowerment of Women:

This legislation symbolizes a formidable affirmation of women’s empowerment in India.

It communicates a powerful message that women stand on equal footing with men, possessing an unequivocal right to full and active participation across all facets of society, encompassing the realm of politics.

Other importance of Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam:

Importances of the Nari Shakti Vandan AdhiniyamDetails
1. Increased Accountability and TransparencyWomen representatives are more likely to be accountable and transparent, leading to better governance and representation.
2. Enhanced Democratic ParticipationThe bill encourages broader participation, especially among women and marginalized groups, fostering a more inclusive democracy.
3. Reduced CorruptionWomen tend to exhibit lower levels of corruption, potentially reducing corruption in government and politics.
4. Improved Economic DevelopmentWomen’s empowerment and decision-making influence economic growth by promoting family and community investment.
5. Role Models for Girls and Young WomenThe bill sets positive examples, inspiring young women to pursue their dreams with confidence and determination
Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam

Features Of Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam

The bill encompasses several notable provisions, with distinct features that set it apart:

Mandatory Allocation of 33% Seats for Women:

A fundamental aspect of this legislation entails the earmarking of one-third of all Lok Sabha and state assembly seats exclusively for female candidates.

Consequently, 33% of the seats within each legislative body will be designated exclusively for women aspirants.

Fixed Reservation Duration of 15 Years:

This reservation mandate will remain in effect for a defined period of 15 years. Subsequently, there will be a comprehensive review, with the possibility of either extending or discontinuing the reservation based on the evolving socio-political landscape.

Inclusive Quota for SC/ST Women:

Within the set-aside seats designated for women, there will be a dedicated allocation for women hailing from the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.

This inclusionary measure is designed to ensure equitable opportunities for women belonging to these historically marginalized communities.

Implementation via Electoral Boundary Redrawing (Delimitation):

The practical implementation of this reservation policy will be executed through the process of delimitation, which involves the meticulous reconfiguration of electoral boundaries.

This strategic approach ensures an equitable dispersion of reserved seats throughout the nation, promoting balanced representation.

How Women’s Reservation Bill Will Be Implemented

The implementation of the Women’s Reservation Bill will require a thorough and intricate procedure managed by the Delimitation Commission of India.

This commission will be responsible for the crucial role of revising the electoral boundaries for both Lok Sabha and state assembly constituencies.

In this undertaking, they will meticulously weigh various essential factors, which encompass:

FactorsConsiderations in Delimitation Process
Constituency PopulationPrimary determinant for balanced representation
Geographical CharacteristicsIntegration of unique geographical features
Women Voter CountInfluential in shaping the democratic landscape
Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam

Moreover, the Commission will champion the principle of fair allocation, guaranteeing that the designated seats are strategically distributed across diverse geographic regions, fostering an equitable representation throughout the nation.

This is how Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam will be implemented:

Implementation StepsDetails
1. Establishment of Revised Electoral BoundariesSets the stage for the upcoming general election.
2. General ElectionFemale candidates can run for both reserved and unreserved seats.
3. Victory in Reserved SeatContributes to achieving the mandated 33% reservation for women.
4. Victory in Unreserved SeatNot counted toward the 33% reserved quota for women.
5. Insufficient Female Candidates for Reserved SeatsAny remaining seats remain vacant, highlighting the need for increased female political participation.
Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam

Benefits of the Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam

The Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam stands as a monumental law, earmarking 33% of Lok Sabha and state assembly seats exclusively for women.

It received resounding approval in the Lok Sabha, securing a two-thirds majority vote in September 2023.

The Benefits of of Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam are outlined as follows:

Enhanced Women’s Political Empowerment:

The legislation guarantees an amplified voice for women in the political arena, promising a surge in policies and laws that prioritize their well-being.

Eradicating Conventional Gender Norms:

This bill serves as a catalyst for dismantling age-old gender stereotypes and redefining women’s roles, paving the way for increased parity and opportunities across various facets of life.

Advancing Gender Parity:

The enactment of this bill signifies a significant stride toward achieving gender parity in India, fostering the emergence of a fairer and more egalitarian society for all its citizens.

Challenges For Women’s Reservation Bill

The Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam a.k.a. Women’s Reservation Bill faces many challenges in India some of the biggest challenges are as follows –

Resistance from Traditionalist Factions:

The Women’s Reservation Bill faces resistance from conservative factions within India, who contend that it contradicts established traditions and cultural norms.

They also express concerns that it may result in less qualified women holding political office.

Shortage of Political Determination:

Some political parties exhibit a lack of commitment when it comes to implementing the Women’s Reservation Bill.

This hesitancy arises from their apprehension that the bill might provide an electoral advantage to their rivals.

Widespread Unawareness:

A considerable portion of the Indian population remains unaware of the Women’s Reservation Bill and its potential advantages.

This dearth of awareness complicates efforts to garner support for the bill.

Internal Divisions Among Women’s Advocacy Groups:

Within women’s advocacy circles, divisions exist concerning the Women’s Reservation Bill. While some groups advocate for reserving seats for women from all castes and religions, others argue for a focus on women from marginalized communities

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